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The Chihuahua dog, small but brave

March 24, 2022 - Reading time: 6 minutes

We could say that Chihuahuas are small dogs that have been among the most popular breeds for the longest time. Although they have been labeled as lapdogs, the truth is that they are very active and playful dogs.

Basic data about Chihuahuas

  • Average size: between 15 and 23 cm.
  • Weight: is between 1 and 3 kg.
  • Life expectancy: about 12-14 years.
  • Ideal for: company in the city.

Origins of the breed

The Chihuahua receives its name from the Mexican state from which it has become known worldwide. Questionable legends circulate about him that relate him to the Aztec civilizations. They speak of chihuahuas with bluish coats that are considered sacred, while those with reddish coats are sacrificed on the funeral pyres of these towns.

In any case, the origins of the Chihuahua are not entirely clear. For some experts, this breed arrived in America with the Spanish expeditions of the 16th century. Others believe, however, that it was the Chinese navigators who moved it before the Europeans. Of course, it was always raised as a companion dog.

Chihuahua Dog

Characteristics of the Chihuahua breed

The Chihuahua has a rounded head with long, erect ears tilted outwards. The eyes are prominent and large and the mouth is small. The neck is robust and the body is compact and elongated, while the extremities are thin. The feet, small, have curved nails.

As for the coat, there is a short-haired variety and another, less frequent, long-haired variety. In the latter, the ears will have a good tuft of hair, as will the tail and the neck and chest area. Coat color can vary between a range of browns.

What is the character of a Chihuahua dog?

The Chihuahua is a dog with a lively, active, and always alert character, which can be problematic if it manifests itself with excessive barking. This personality results in a good watchman, although for most keepers this breed is only for company. This belief leads them to neglect the section corresponding to education.

In addition, Chihuahuas are also nervous. Sometimes we can see them tremble due to the excitement they feel. On other occasions, they will do so as a result of the temperature, since, in general, they are very cold and prefer sunny climates.

Due to their appearance and their small size, it is lost sight of the fact that they are still dogs and, as such, they have the same needs as if they were mastiffs. The absence of basic rules of education can result in barking and even biting aggressive dogs.

Recommended care for the breed

It is not, in any case, recommended that they be kept outside. On the contrary, they can adapt perfectly to life in the city. In times of intense cold, they may need to wear a coat during their walks to protect themselves from inclement weather. They are fun and persevering, as well as good company.

It does not need to do intense exercise but it does need moderate exercise, so we cannot do it without walking it several times a day. Caregivers must take into account this need and basic education for a happy coexistence in which the dog can channel his active character without it being a problem.

Short-haired Chihuahuas do not require excessive care for their coat. The long-haired variety does need regular brushing. In addition, we must pay special attention to his mouth and we should get him used to clean his teeth regularly.

Chihuahua Dog

What is the recommended diet for a Chihuahua?

Depending on the life stage you are in, we can use different ranges. Although all of them should be focused on small dogs since a large croquette mold could cause choking.

From weaning until approximately a year and a half of life, we can feed our Chihuahua puppy with Puppy Gourmet. In its adulthood, we can move on to Small Gourmet, specifically formulated for small breed dogs.

And in his old age, or if he becomes overweight, we can move on to SENIOR, a product with the size of a croquette somewhat smaller than usual and also moderate in calories to avoid being overweight.

Curiosities of the Chihuahua dog

The real name of the chihuahua is chihuahueño. Worldwide it is known by the chihuahua because it is the one that the Americans gave it, who were the ones who exported it from the Mexican state of the same name.

Another curiosity concerns his health and it is about the dislocation of the patella, that is, that this one comes out of its place. It can happen when they jump from a height, even a small one, or simply when running or playing. We will notice that the affected leg moves strangely or limps. The normal thing is that it returns to its site shortly spontaneously.

What is the health of a Chihuahua?

Chihuahuas are more at risk than other breeds for epilepsy. This brain disorder is characterized by recurrent seizures that may be due to different causes. In this case, it would be a congenital disease. He needs veterinary control and the prognosis is reserved.

Hydrocephalus is another disease that can affect Chihuahuas and consists of a buildup of fluid in the brain. Sometimes it is possible to notice the enlarged skull, others neurological symptoms such as seizures or changes in behavior will appear. It requires urgent veterinary treatment.

The mouth is another of their weak points and it is not uncommon for them to suffer from problems such as gingivitis due to tartar or periodontitis, which end up leading to the loss of teeth. That is why it is important to take care of your mouth and have a proper diet that reduces the deposit of tartar. The vet can also clean his teeth with an ultrasound regularly.


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